also live under the authority of a foreign culture and have settled on a similar system, with a twist.The basic unit of Amish society is the church congregation; Amish settlements big enough to support multiple churches will have many congregations mixed together.Somali judges compete on the free market; those who give bad verdicts get a reputation that drives away future customers. Legal Systems Very Different From Ours, by anarcho-capitalist/legal scholar/medieval history buff David Friedman, successfully combines the author’s three special interests into a whirlwind tour of exotic law. Crime victims have little economic incentive to punish the perpetrator; if you burn my house down, jailing you won’t un-burn the house.“Anarcho-capitalism” evokes a dystopian cyberpunk future. If you steal my gold, I have some interest in catching you and taking it back, but no more than I do in catching some other poor shmuck and taking his gold.The exotic anarcho-capitalist part comes in as English civil society creates its own structures to work around these limitations.Merchants, landowners, and other people with wealth banded together in mutual-protection-insurance-groups. Medieval Icelandic crime victims would sell the right to pursue a perpetrator to the highest bidder.18th century English justice replaced fines with criminals bribing prosecutors to drop cases. Maybe a state-run legal system isn’t a fact of nature, but a historical oddity as contingent as collectivized farming or nationalized railroads.
Maybe you’re a despised minority group whom the State wants nothing to do with, or who wants nothing to do with the State.
Prosecuting took a lot of time and money and was generally a thankless task.
And the government didn’t want to go to the expense of imprisoning people, so they usually just hanged convicted offenders (if the crime seemed really bad) or pardoned them (if it didn’t seem to merit hanging).
Competitive dictatorship is the mechanism we routinely use to control hotels and restaurants; the customers have no vote on what color the walls are painted or what is on the menu, but an absolute vote on which one they patronize.
They do encounter the same problem as the Gypsies: can you just commit a crime, then accept your ostracism and integrate with another society somewhere else?